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How To Install Nextcloud On Rapid.Space

 

Agenda

  1. Access VPS via SSH
  2. Install Apache webserver
  3. Install PHP
  4. Install MariaDB database server
  5. Download Nextcloud
  6. Finish Installation of Nextcloud via a browser

 

Access VPS via SSH

🔗 How To Access A VPS Via Ssh On Rapid.Space (Presentation)

Install Apache webserver

Since Nexcloud will run on a web browser, the first step will be to install the Apache webserver. To achieve this, first update the system as root,

su -
apt update -y

Next, to install Apache execute the command

apt install apache2 libapache2-mod-php

Once installed, verify the status of Apache  using the command

systemctl status apache2

From the output above, we can clearly see that the Apache webserver is up and running.

Install PHP

For Next Cloud to successfully run, we need to install PHP and other dependencies. To achieve this execute the command:

apt-get install -y php php-gd php-curl php-zip php-dom php-xml php-simplexml php-mbstring php-common php-mysql php-intl php-apcu php-redis php-http-request

To verify the version of PHP you have installed, run the command

php -v

As you can see in the output below, the latest PHP version (at the time of writing this article) is PHP 7.3

Install MariaDB database server

A database will be required to accommodate the installation files of Next Cloud during the installation process. For that reason, we shall install the MariaDB database as follows.

apt install mariadb-client mariadb-server

Once the installation is complete, log in to MySQL as shown

mysql -u root -p

Next, create a database for Next Cloud as shown

CREATE DATABASE nextclouddb;

GRANT ALL ON nextclouddb.* TO 'nextcloud_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'strong password';

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

EXIT;

Download Nextcloud

With the database configured, now it’s time to download Nexcloud. First, navigate to the temporary folder

cd /tmp

Download Nextcloud zip file using the command

wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-20.0.7.zip

Next, unzip the compressed file using the command

unzip nextcloud-20.0.7.zip

Next, move the unzipped folder to the webroot directory as shown

mv nextcloud /var/www/html/

Navigate to the document root folder  and change the file ownership to www-data .

cd /var/www/html
chown -R www-data:www-data nextcloud

Also, change the file permissions as shown

chmod -R 755 nextcloud

Restart web server

systemctl restart apache2.service

Finish Installation of Nextcloud via a browser

🔗 http://[your_ipv6_address]/nextcloud/index.php

To install NextCloud on Debian 10 via a browser, open your favorite browser and browse your server’s IP as shown

http://[your_ipv6_address]/nextcloud/index.php  (eg. http://[2001:67c:1254:64:f8de::1]/nextcloud/index.php )

Be sure to fill in all the fields shown above with the corresponding values in the NextCloud database.

When you are all set click “Finish setup”  This should usher you to Next Cloud’s dashboard.

Finish Setup

You should see the NextCloud dashboard. You can manage your personal files, create new users or administer NextCloud from here.